Cedi ends 2022 as 2nd weakest currency in Africa, 4th worst globally – Bloomberg

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The Ghana ended 2022 as the second weakest currency on the African continent with a year-to-date loss of 38.86% to the US , according to Bloomberg.

Globally, the local currency placed 145th. The Leone came 146th whilst the Argentina Peso and Sierra Lankan Rupee placed 147th and 148th respectively.

They were classified as the currencies with the “Worst Spot Returns” by Bloomberg.

All these countries had challenges with their economies as debt levels had become unsustainable, whilst budget deficits had worryingly enlarged.

In Africa, the Kenyan Shilling (-8.32%), The Gambian Dalasi (-15.28%), Malawian Kwacha (-20.51), New Sudanese Pound (-22.87%), Egyptian Pound (-36.46%), Ghana (-38.36%) and Leone (-40.58%) were the currencies with the “Worst Spot Returns”.

For the “Best Spot Returns”, the Franc (7.67%), Somali Shilling (1.77%), New Metical (0.37%), Djibouti Franc (-0.08%), Shilling (-1.05%), Congolese Franc (-1.13%) and Franc (-3.87%) were the strongest currencies in Africa in 2022.

In 2022, the Ghana cedi came under severe pressure, losing over 50% in value at a point in time before a resurgence in December, following a Staff-Level Agreement reached between the and the Government of Ghana. This reduced its year-to-date losses significantly.

Prior to that, the Finance Minister, announced the launch of the Domestic Exchange Programme.

The local currency, thus, ended 2022, selling at about ¢11.60 on average to the American ‘greenback' in the retail or forex market.

Some analysts had stated that the cedi's resurgence in December 2022 was not fundamentally supported, but rather due to prevailing uncertainty and speculation.

They claimed that inflation of more than 50%, consecutive years of high budget deficit resulting in debt distress and forex reserves cover of less than 3 months of import cover, should cause the cedi to be more vulnerable to depreciation than appreciation.

They, however, argued that a stable cedi in 2023 will depend largely on an support programme.

Cedi records an 18.21% depreciation to the in quarter 1.

The cedi recorded an 18.21% rate of depreciation to the US dollar in the first quarter of 2022, according to Bloomberg.

This ranked the local currency as the worst among African currencies with the “Worst Spot Returns”.

However, for the timely intervention by the , the situation could have been worse.

In the first half of 2022, the Ghana cedi lost 16.86% in value to the US dollar on the interbank market but over 20% in the retail forex market.

However, the rate of depreciation of the cedi slowed down in the last two months (May and June 2022), after stern monetary actions from the coupled with some fiscal measures to halt the free fall in the first four months of 2022.

In the first nine months of 2022, the Ghana cedi lost 40.05% in value to the US dollar, ranking it as the second worst-performing currency in the world in the 147th position, according to Bloomberg.

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